Proteins are important aspects of human nutrition. The word protein comes from the Greek word “proteos” meaning the most important. Proteins are found in every cell of the body especially in the muscles of highly functional organs like the heart, brain, liver, etc. Also, they are a must for the production of blood cells. The world is getting increasingly health-conscious the demand for protein-enriched foods like drinks and bars are in great demand. The inclusion of protein-rich compounds in other food products like cakes, cereals, food beverages, and pharmaceutical is also in demand.
Proteins are made of amino acids whose sequence and ratio determines the function of that protein. The essential component of the human diet. Proteins are ranging from plant-based to gelatin like:
These proteins are obtained from milk. There is another protein in the milk, casein. Whey protein is required to be isolated from the casein. Whey protein is also called the complete protein as it contains all the 9 amino acids required by the human body. The advantages of the protein include weight gain, lowering cholesterol levels, maintaining blood pressure, and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
They are further available in the form of:
Whey protein isolate (90%)– used in protein supplementation products, protein beverages, protein bars, and other nutritional food products
Whey protein concentrate (80%)- which is regularly used in bakery products, cakes, confectionaries protein bars, and protein drinks and instantainized (containing lecithin) used in powder mixes, cake premixes.
Soy proteins are extracted from soybeans in three forms namely, Soy fiber, Soy protein concentrates, and Soy protein isolates. It is a plant-based protein and a great alternative for vegans. Soy proteins are extensively used in food products as it has various proteins required by the human body and also provides emulsification and better texture to the product. These proteins add almost no additional cholesterol to the body and very little saturated fat.
Soy fiber – used in bakery products, beverage, high fiber protein drinks, etc
Soy protein isolate (90%) – is the highest quality soy protein. It is used in protein bars, protein shakes, dairy products, confectionery, meat substitutes, and bakery products.
Soy protein concentrate – used in cereals, bakery products, vegan milk formula, etc. They have a lot of fiber thus very healthy for the gut.
Pea protein isolate
They are extracted from yellow peas, which are grounded and gone under the filtration process for the removal of starch and fiber. It is free of many allergens and gluten and rich in iron. They have been greatly used in the meat industry as well as a meat substitute.
Brown rice protein
Brown rice protein is a plant-based protein thus a great vegan alternative. They have great health benefits like promoting weight loss, maintains blood glucose levels, enhances liver function, lowers bad cholesterol levels, and also keeps the kidney and heart in good health.
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